trains in 20th Century Europe
Barcelona was an important port and commercial centre on Spain’s Mediterranean shore and it had always been a target for international travel bearing in mind its business base and port facilities. The growth of tourism on the Costa Brava sanctioned by the Spanish government in 1950 served to attract more passengers to this area of Spain from Northern Europe
Traffic from Paris & Benelux
The French had serviced this destination consistently in the 20th Century. The Paris service was routed through Limoges, Toulouse and Narbonne and this was a regular route for this service. The service changed its title over the years from Barcelona Express until 1974 when it became the Barcelona TALGO, finally changing to the Joan Miró in 1992 which it has to this day.
Through trains existed in the 1980s linking the Netherlands and Belgium with Cerbère-
Traffic from Italy
By 1953 Roma was linked directly with The French/Spanish border at Cerbère/Port Bou and Hendaye/Irun. These trains were routed through Pisa and Viareggio then the Cote d'Azur to the Spanish border
This service lasted until mid-
Traffic from Switzerland & beyond
The most persistent connection was the route from Geneva to Cerbère-
In 1969 a major change took place when the service was formed from TALGO sets whose bogies could be changed at the frontier enabling through running from Geneva to Barcelona. This service was branded as a TEE-
In 1999 a further TALGO train, the Pau Casals, was introduced linking Zürich with Port Bou.
Often trains coming from Switzerland had been extended from northern cities Scandinavia and Germany were the main beneficiaries
Traffic from Northern Europe
Scandinavia also achieved through connections to the Spanish frontier at points in the 20th century. Through traffic didn't materialise until the 1960s. An express linking København with Port Bou was the Hispania Express. This started in 1963 from København to Port Bou through Hamburg, Basel to Geneva with a branch from Dortmund and a direct connection, but no through cars, from Stockholm.
Passengers from København would spend 32 hours getting to Port Bou. These services required a change at Cerbère-
D1.2: To Barcelona
Welcome to eurailtracks.co.uk