trains in 20th Century Europe
Up to 1914, the Paris-
After 1919 Warszawa gained its first post-
The year 1946 saw the restablishment of services from Paris to Warszawa as part of the Orient Express via Nürnberg, Praha and Bohumin. As with the service in 1920, the aim was to avoid crossing German territory. An interesting observation is that the this new Orient Express carried through cars from Paris to Gdynia via Warszawa but this facility had been discontinued by 1949. It was 1950 before service recommenced from Paris through Berlin to Warszawa. This pattern of service from Paris either via Berlin or via Praha, survived until 1961 when the Praha-
After 1945, Paris ceased to provide through cars to Moskva until 1960 when a new unnamed service was provided using Russian sleeping cars which continued until this service became the Ost-
Hoek of Holland gained its first service to Moskva in 1960 and this arrangement lasted until 1993. Often in the Summer service cars for Moskva travelled as the Hoek Warsaw Express but in winter were amalgamated with the Nord West Express to København. Of note here is a working from Hoek to Leipzig and Kraków in 1972. Ostend was served by the Nord Express and the Ost West Express.
Finally, an odd working on this route -
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