International passenger

trains in 20th Century Europe

International passenger trains in 20th Century Europe

A new service was created by the International Timetable Conference at Istanbul in October 1947. Starting in 1949, this new service, called the Baltic-Orient Express, introduced through cars from Stockholm to Warszawa via Trelleborg, Odra(Świnoujście) and  to Beograd via Poznań, Wrocław, Praha, and Budapest. Notably, it was the first such express not to contain CIWL-owned cars since these had been nationalised in the successor states.

The first major change took place in the Balt Orient service when the ferry from Trelleborg was diverted to Sassnitz instead of Świnoujście in February 1954. The Stockholm-Warszawa section now travelled from Sassnitz to Szczecin and thence to Poznań and Warszawa and ceased to be part of the Balt Orient express.

The train was re-named the Balt-Orient Express and changed route to run from Berlin and Dresden to Praha and beyond in February 1955. By 1956 it was extended from Bucureşti to Varna in Bulgaria. The southbound Warszawa component was re-routed through Bohumin and Galanta to Budapest.

The Balt(ic)-Orient Express became the main service linking the satellite capitals but it was soon complemented by an additional train from Berlin to Bucureşti which started in August 1955. This was extended to Sofia in June 1957 and was then named the Pannonia Express in June 1958. Berlin and Warszawa cars were combined at Břeclav to serve Budapest and Bucureşti. A service linking Praha with Budapest and Beograd was started in 1946 running four times weekly.

The Balt-Orient train was truncated to run between Budapest and Bucureşti in 1996 but by 1997 the name had disappeared. The Pannonia Express to Bucureşti was altered to start at Praha in 1992 and ceased in late 2008. By this year only two trains served Bucureşti without passengers having to change at Budapest – the Amicus from Praha and Dacia from Wien

B2-2 Baltic Orient Express

Balt Orient routes Warszawa-Orient

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