trains in 20th Century Europe
Czechoslovakia lost its eastern province of Ruthenia to Russia and now had a common border with Russia between Košice and Čop and this also meant that the former border with Romania was lost.
The political status of central and eastern European states changed to their becoming members of the Soviet bloc. By 1948 Czechoslovakia had joined this bloc and its international connections reflected this political new priority. Connections to Western Europe became very sparse. Most of the capital cities in this bloc had been served directly from pre-
Praha to Moskva
Not until 1949 did Praha have a direct service to Moskva. On 23 May 1950, a new service started from Praha to Moscow via Čop and Kyiv, thrice-
Praha to other bloc capitals
In 1949, the Balt Orient Express linked Praha to the other Soviet bloc capital cities – Budapest, Beograd, Bucureşti and Sofia. The change in the position of Poland in relation to the Czechoslovak border opened up a new crossing at Międzylesie/Lichkov which connected Praha to Warszawa via Wrocław and Łódź. Bohumin was the alternative crossing for Praha to Warszawa trains. With regard to Berlin, little changed.
Praha to western capitals
Praha suffered poor through service to Western Europe. After the war the Orient Express was the only service to carry through cars from Paris to Praha and Warszawa via Cheb and Bohumin. The Paris-
The fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989-
Břeclav remained the chosen route for fast Berlin-
Connections between Praha and West Germany continued via Fürth im Walde and Cheb to Nürnberg and München. Praha’s links with Wien maintained the same routing as prior to 1939 – Gmünd or Břeclav.
Welcome to eurailtracks.co.uk