International passenger

trains in 20th Century Europe

International passenger trains in 20th Century Europe

B3: Berlin- Bucureşti to 1939

Berlin-Bucuresti routes

Fig 1: Berlin-Bucuresti via Lviv

Fig 2: 20th Century Frontier points, Berlin-Bucuresti

Berlin maintained a through service to Bucureşti via Lviv up to the Second World War. Thereafter the route came under the jurisdiction of other states and had to adapt to other traffic flows. Its main competitor for the Berlin-Bucureşti traffic in the second half of the 20th Century came from the Balt Orient route.

The map shows the geography of the route at the end of the 20th Century together with feeder routes which used part of it

The western end of this line linked Berlin with Wrocław, Katowice in the Silesian coalfields, Trzebinia on the Warszawa-Wien route and Kraków. Trains from Berlin to Bucuresti crossed only one other state -Poland up to 1939

From Kraków the route drove eastward through Przeworsk and Przemyśl to Lviv then to the pre 1914 Russian border at Volochisk and to the Romanian border south of Chernivtsi - Snyatin. It carried also traffic from Wien and Praha to Bucureşti. Warszawa was linked into this line at Przeworsk in 1920.

Russian traffic from Volochisk before 1914 had connected Southern Russia with major cities in Austria-Hungary, including resort traffic. After 1918, this traffic dried up. Notably in 1935 there was no through running to Russian destinations, even allowing for the necessary change of gauge at the Russian frontier.


In its hayday, these  locations sent  forward services on this line – Ostend, Berlin. Praha, Wien, Split, Nice.

These services were reduced/changed after 1946 and again to reflect new needs after 1989.

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